Home > News

Discover the invisible hero of battery technology: the battery separator

1. Function of battery separator

2. Material for battery separator

3. Preparation technology of battery separator

4. The future development trend of battery separator

5. Application field expansion

6. Challenges and opportunities

7. Conclusion


Battery is one of the most popular and important energy storage devices in the world today. From small electronic devices to electric vehicles and energy storage systems, the application of batteries has penetrated into all aspects of our lives. However, the performance of the battery as a whole depends not only on the positive and negative materials and electrolytes, but a less visible but crucial component, thebattery separator, also plays a crucial role.

1. Function of battery separator

The battery separator is located between the positive and negative electrodes of the battery, and its function can be simply summarized in three aspects:

1.1 Electrolyte isolation: The battery separator plays the role of isolating the positive and negative electrolytes in the battery. If the positive and negative electrodes are in direct contact, it will lead to short circuit, and even cause dangerous situations such as overheating and explosion of the battery.

1.2 Ion transfer: The battery separator must have good ion transfer performance so that ions can be smoothly transferred between the positive and negative electrodes. This process is the basis of battery charging and discharging, which directly affects the performance of the battery.

1.3 Mechanical support: In addition to ion transport and electrolyte isolation, the battery diaphragm also needs to have a certain mechanical strength and stability to support the positive and negative electrode materials to ensure the structural integrity and stability of the battery.

2. Material for battery separator

The material selection of the battery separator is crucial and directly affects the performance and safety of the battery. Currently commonly used battery diaphragm materials mainly include:

2.1 Polymer film: Polymer film is one of the most widely used battery diaphragm materials. Common polymer materials include polypropylene film (PP) and polyamide film (PI). These materials have good electrolyte isolation and ion transport properties, and have good mechanical strength and chemical stability.

2.2 Ceramic film: Ceramic film has attracted much attention due to its high thermal and chemical stability. Commonly used ceramic materials include alumina, lithium oxide and so on. Although ceramic films are excellent in ion transport, there are some challenges in preparation and application due to their high brittleness.

3. Preparation technology of battery separator

The preparation technology of battery separator directly affects the performance and cost of the separator. Currently commonly used preparation techniques include:

3.1 Solution casting method: Solution casting method is one of the common methods for preparing polymer film membranes. The principle is to cast a polymer solution into a specific mold, which is dried and cured to form a diaphragm. This method is simple and suitable for large-scale production, but it requires higher concentration and quality of solution.

3.2 Dry preparation method: The dry preparation method mainly includes spin coating method and stretching method. The spinning coating method is to coat the polymer solution on the rotating substrate and form a film after drying. The tensile principle is to stretch a prefabricated film of the polymer to obtain the desired thickness of the diaphragm. The diaphragm prepared by these two methods is of high quality, but the production cost is also relatively high.


4. The future development trend of battery separator

With the continuous progress of science and technology and the growing demand for energy storage technology, the future development trend of battery separator is mainly reflected in the following aspects:

4.1 High-performance materials: The future battery separator will pay more attention to the high performance of materials, including improving ion transfer rate, enhancing mechanical strength, and improving thermal stability. The development of new materials will be the focus of future research.

4.2 Improvement of preparation technology: The improvement of preparation technology will make the production of battery separator more efficient, energy saving and environmental protection. For example, the use of green preparation methods, the development of intelligent manufacturing technology.

4.3 Multi-functional design: The future battery separator may not only have simple isolation and transmission functions, but also may have multi-functional designs such as self-healing and self-diagnosis, so as to improve the safety and reliability of the battery.

In general, battery diaphragms, while less visible in batteries, play a crucial role. With the continuous development of battery technology, the material, preparation technology and functional design of battery separator are also constantly innovating and improving, laying a solid foundation for the further development of battery technology.

5. Application field expansion

In addition to the traditional lithium-ion battery field, the application field of battery separator is constantly expanding:

5.1 Electric Vehicles: With the increasing demand for clean energy, the electric vehicle market is developing rapidly. Battery diaphragms play a crucial role in electric vehicles, directly affecting the performance and safety of vehicles.

5.2 Energy storage systems: With the rapid development of renewable energy, energy storage systems play an important role in grid scheduling and energy storage. As one of the key components of the energy storage system, the performance of the battery separator is very important to the efficiency and stability of the energy storage system.

5.3 Portable electronic devices: From smartphones to laptops, portable electronic devices have become an integral part of modern life. The stability and safety of battery diaphragms are critical to the performance and experience of these devices.

6. Challenges and opportunities

As battery technology continues to advance, battery diaphragms face some challenges, but they also bring opportunities:

6.1 Improved energy density: In order to meet the high energy density needs of electric vehicles and energy storage systems, battery diaphragms need to have higher ion transfer rates and better thermal stability, which puts higher requirements on materials and preparation technology.

6.2 Exploration of new materials: Finding new materials is the key to improving battery separator performance. The research and development of new materials, including nanomaterials and porous materials, will provide new possibilities for the performance improvement and application expansion of battery diaphragms.

6.3 Sustainable development: The preparation process of battery separator usually produces a lot of waste and pollutants, so green preparation technology will become the future development trend. Through recycling waste materials, the use of degradable materials and other ways to achieve the sustainable development of battery separator.


7. Conclusion

As an important part of battery, battery separator plays an irreplaceable role in battery performance and safety. With the continuous progress of science and technology and people's pursuit of clean energy, the material, preparation technology and functional design of battery separator are also constantly innovating and improving. In the future, with the continuous emergence of new materials and new technologies, battery diaphragms will usher in broader application prospects and contribute more to the sustainable development of human society.


Contact: Lika

Phone: +86-19906035385

Tel: 0086-592-7161550

Email: sales@aotbattery.com

Add: No.168, Zhaogang Road, Xiamen City, China

Scan the qr codeClose
the qr code